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皮划艇基础教程-澎逸动画演示版 (第十七课 皮划艇支撑和爱斯基摩翻滚基础)

发表时间:2021-06-27 20:56:00  来源:野望文存  浏览:次   【】【】【


皮划艇运动是国内才兴起的一项运动。是一项新兴起的运动,也是一项古老的运动。在国外蓬勃发展。国内也是渐渐兴起。对于皮划艇的基础知识的普及信息非常少。基于此澎逸收集整理制作了一系列教程。希望可以通过这个让大家更好的掌握皮划艇的技术技巧,享受皮划艇运动的健康快乐。


      ----澎逸吴树升(欢迎 转载 注明出处)



皮划艇支撑和爱斯基摩翻滚基础

Braces and rolling basics



想要进一步的完全控制你的皮划艇就需要学会得到水的支持恢复平衡。但是我们在学习爱斯基摩翻滚或者支撑之前,我们必须了解一些基本的原理和技术。这使我们能够将我们的技能应用到各种不同的现实环境中。由于使用这些技能的时机非常短暂。所以我们必须达到肌肉记忆,自然而然的做到这些动作。这样意味着我们应该经常练习,形成习惯的自然反应。这一章中,我们可以学习技巧训练。另外需要注意的是,在练习这些技巧的时候,会经常造成翻艇,人会被皮划艇扣在底下。因此我们应该避免单独练习这些技术。

One step towards the total control of your kayak is being able to recover your balance by getting support from water. But, before we learn to do eskimo rolls or braces, it is essential that we know a few basic principles and techniques. This allows us to apply our skills to different kinds of real life situations. But as the need to use these skills can occur rapidly, they must be as automatic as possible. This means that you should practise them often.

In this chapter, you can also find tips for training. Remember that when practising, you will probably find yourself many times sitting in a kayak that is upside down. Therefore you should avoid practising these things alone.



首先,你应该密切观察桨在水面和水下的运动方式,是什么使它下降,什么使它上升,如何移动困难,以及如何轻轻地把水切成薄片。把皮划艇放在岸上,在深水中站着用桨,是个好主意。希望你你可以发现至少有以下三件事。

First you should observe closely how the paddle moves at the surface and under the water; what makes it go down and what makes it go up, how it is hard to move and how it slices water lightly. It might even be a good idea to go standing in a hip deep water with your paddle and leave the kayak on the shore for a while. Hopefully you will notice at least the following three things.



首先,当你把你的桨叶水平快速地压入水中时,水会向外移动,这样会形成一个可以依靠的相当大的阻力。但请注意,只有在水平角度时阻力才会最大。所以当你在做支撑时,尽量使你的桨叶保持水平靠近水面。

其次,你会注意到,当叶片在水中使其处于上升角时水平扫掠,它会产生一个升力,直到运动停止为止。这意味着,如果你能够持续扫动,你就可以得到支持。

第三,如果你把船桨叶片垂直移到水面上,水的阻力几乎为零。当你需要很快将船桨沉入水里垂直叶片的动作非常有用。

以上三点为你使用船桨奠定了良好基础。然后我们也需要学会如何正确地使用我们的身体。

First, while the water does move out when you push your blade fast down into it, it gives a fairly good resistance that you could lean on. But notice that the resisting force lasts only while your paddle is in horizontal angle. So whenever you are doing braces, try to keep your paddle close to the surface and as horizontal as possible.

Secondly you will notice that whenever the blade is swept horizontally in water so that it is in raising angle, it will create a lifting force that will last until the movement stops. This means that if you are able to continue the supporting movement you are able to get support as long as you like.

And thirdly, if you move the blade so that it only slices the water, the resistance of water is almost zero. This is useful whenever you need to quickly pull the sunken blade up to the surface.

With these three things in mind you should have a good foundation for your paddlework. But we also need to learn to use our body properly.



扭胯是一个成功的支撑或爱斯基摩滚最重要的部分。基本上,当你跌倒的时候,你不是首先试图把你的上半身恢复平衡,而是先用你的跨部把皮艇翻回到直立的位置。这个动作在开始感觉不自然的,但你要锻炼成肌肉记忆接受。重复训练是最简单的方法。当你做扭跨练习的时候,你应该把它看成是把皮艇拖回你的下面,而不是把你的上身推到皮划艇上。你应该在你的头脑中形成整个爱斯基摩翻滚的动作过程。用腹部肌肉扭跨,抬高另外一侧的膝盖,用膝盖顶着皮划艇甲板,用胯部力量把皮划艇拉到身体下面来,然后身体出水。

Hip flick is the most important part of a successful brace or eskimo roll technique. Basically it means that when you have fallen, instead of first trying to pull your upper body back to balance, you always first flip the kayak back to upright position by using your hips and only after that worry about your upper body. This may first feel unnatural but you will soon accept that it is the easiest way. When doing braces you should think it more as pulling the kayak back underneath you, instead of pushing your upper body back on top of the the kayak. You should try to use the same visualization in your mind for eskimo roll also. The hip flick is done using your abdominal muscles to twist your waist and raise your other knee that then pushes the kayak's deck. It is quite similar to edging that you might have used when doing carved turns.



要练习扭胯动作,你需要找到一些你可以在水中握住的固定东西。例如一个码头,一个游泳池的一侧,或者让朋友站在深度到胸部的水中辅助你。当你做扭胯动作时,很重要的是你能用膝盖发力,所以你总是要用脚蹬住脚蹬然后膝盖顶住甲板。

首先,你可以试着做一个扭胯动作,一开始你可以倾斜一点点然后用胯部力量把皮划艇拖回来。渐渐的你可以让自己平躺下去,让皮划艇和身体都侧在水里,用胯部力量把皮划艇反转过来。在练习扭胯的时候,尽量使身体紧贴着后甲板。你可以对比一下,身体垂直的时候反转过来还是比较费力,但是身体贴近后甲板的就很省力就可以反转过来。还需要注意的是,如果你扭跨的动作发力正确并且很快,在某一个点上,你的身体是靠皮划艇自身翻转的力量拉出水面的。多尝试那个点,形成肌肉记忆。这些有助于你在练习支撑和爱斯基摩翻滚的时候获得成功。

To practice the hip flick technique you need to find something steady that you can take a hold on in water. A dock, a side of a swimming pool or a friend standing in chest deep water will be just fine. When doing the hip flick, it is important that you are able to control it precisely with your feet, so always "take a hold" on kayak by pressing your heels down and knees up a bit.

First you can try to do the hip flick so that you only "loose your balance" just a little and then pull the kayak back underneath. Then let yourself fall so that your body and the kayak is sideways in water and then flick the kayak back upright. Then eventually you can try to go all the way upside down and do the recovery.

While practicing the hip flick, try to keep your upper body as close to the back deck as possible. And for comparison, try to reach your body as far to the side as possible. You will notice that by keeping the body closer to the deck, you need a lot less strength for recovery. Notice also that if you do the flick firm and fast enough, after a certain point your body will start to follow the movement and the rotational energy of the kayak almost pulls your body out of the water. Keeping these things in mind will help you to succeed in the last phases of braces and eskimo roll.


也请记住,当翻艇的时候,水会减慢我们的运动。如果你严重失去平衡,掉进水里无法避免,就不用做其他的动作。失去平衡时,就做好准备,然后尝试用桨将自己恢复平衡。这样落水后你就不会大量消耗你的体力。在失去平衡时,你就要把你的船桨放在一个好的位置,否则你开始尝试把皮划艇翻滚回来的时候,你的船桨还在水里划,身体是借不到船桨提供的支撑力量的。这样在你失去平衡的时候就要做好翻滚准备。

Also keep in mind that when you are falling, the water slows your movement. This means that if you have seriously lost your balance and falling into water can't be prevented, it might be a better idea to first let it happen and only then take the brace from the surface and try to pull yourself back again. This way, majority of your body's movement energy is vanished when you splash into water. After that, you can start the recovery stroke with your paddle in a good position. Otherwise you would be fighting your self into same starting situation, but your paddle would be way under the water. It is also a good idea to try to take the starting position for your recovery stroke while you are falling. This way you are ready to go as soon as you hit the water.



当皮划艇扣在我们身体上人浸水中,很多的人会发生水恐惧,感觉很紧张。因此,第一次练习湿逃脱和爱斯基摩翻滚时,你应该尽量使自己感觉舒适。另外有一个助手在你出错的时候帮你一下是非常不错的。开始练习的时候最好的地方是游泳池。因为游泳池没有浪,水的温度也会合适。如果没有泳池,其他的平静的并且足够深的水域也可以。浮桨包也可以提供很大的帮助,使用浮桨包可以给你很大的浮力让你翻滚,可以调整胯部和其他的身体上的动作。例如你可以用浮桨包检查自己爱斯基摩翻滚的各个阶段的动作是不是标准,但是使用浮桨包会使你的划桨动作不标准。所以使用浮桨包只能适合开始阶段的练习。泳镜和鼻夹也可以帮助你在水里保持冷静,集中注意力。如果你没有看过前面的安全与救援的章节,要先仔细阅读以下安全与救援的章节,然后在继续学下去。

The fear of being in a kayak head under the water can be quite intimidating. Therefore you should try to make yourself as comfortable as possible when practicing braces and eskimo rolls for the first time.

It is a good idea to have someone that can help you if something goes wrong. A best place to start practising is no doubt the swimming pool since there are no waves and the water is warm and clear. But any calm and deep enough place will do just fine.

A paddle float can also offer a great assistance, because it gives you constant support and allows you to fine tune hip flicks or other upper body movements. For example, by using a paddle float, all the phases of eskimo roll can be examined without rush. The paddle float however makes it hard to lear a proper paddle movements, so it is only good for the first drills.

A nose clip and goggles are also a good thing to help you stay calm and focus on the essentials. And if you have skipped the chapter Safe kayaking, then read it well first.



可以回复第一课   第二课  第三课 等等观看前面课程。合计二十课





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